Thursday, September 3, 2020
Religion is an incredible and powerful factor in peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. It administers oneÃ¢â¬â¢s activities, and it is viewed as when individuals are confronted with troublesome choices. Indeed, even in legislative issues, religion has a significant job to fill. Different investigations have been done in the past to decide the impacts that religion has on the democratic and political practices of individuals. Thusly, religion influences the democratic and political conduct in the accompanying manners: 1) by setting norms that manage devotees to the domain of governmental issues; 2) by in a roundabout way driving the assembly in building up a typical point of view toward policy centered issues; and 3) by filling in as a wellspring of inspiration. Curiously, the congregation (religion) is isolated from the state (legislative issues), yet religion is a compelling component with respect to political exercises (Bryner). Truth be told, there are a few nations whose religion outweighs government strategies. For example, there are nations where arrangements in conceptive wellbeing are being pushed by government officials. In any case, the congregation may intercede on the off chance that it considers that the approaches are against the lessons of the congregation. Religion, as depicted by Wald and Calhoun-Brown, Ã¢â¬Å"is a particular organization with a constrained open job, and strict alliance involves individual choiceÃ¢â¬ (8). As indicated by McDaniel, religion Ã¢â¬Å"permeates all parts of American life,Ã¢â¬ including social and political lives (1). It has become a significant factor for the United States, contrasted with other created nations, for example, Canada and Britain (McDaniel 3). By Setting Standards that Guide Believers in the Realm of Politics Interestingly, ideological groups in the United States perceived the intensity of religion as a political weapon. During efforts before the political race, political up-and-comers utilized the methodology of engaging first to strict gatherings to pick up their help, also called God system. Republicans are supposed to be more effective than Democrats in utilizing this methodology (McDaniel 18). Most strikingly, presidential applicants of the ongoing decisions John McCain, Hillary Clinton, and Barak Obama all communicated the significance of combining God and the American nation (McDaniel 22). Be that as it may, this God system has not quite recently grown as of late. During the Ã¢â¬Å"Great AwakeningÃ¢â¬ period, political crusading utilized methods for mass influence, which were initially utilized through lecturing and love styles. Political wannabes picked up their supporters by embracing marches and tent gatherings, even way to-entryway crusading and open affirmations. These were similar strategies that evangelists used to change over individuals into the religion being supported (Wald and Calhoun-Brown 42). Likewise, past explores demonstrated that temples and strict gatherings positioned first among different gatherings in believing in significant establishments. Broad communications, government funded schools, trade guilds, and business fell behind. The most fascinating finding is that individuals accepted that Catholic minister are progressively fair and moral regardless of instances of sexual maltreatment contrasted with government authorities and business pioneers. Reality of this finding could be found in the measure of gifts. In 2002 alone, $80 to $90 billion was spent on strict organizations. This demonstrates holy places are the main beneficiary of private magnanimity. A bit of the spending plan is spent on training, wellbeing, network advancement, and others (Wald and Calhoun-Brown 10). Besides, religion influences the political conduct of people in general as depicted by Martin Luther King, Jr. As per him, a religion that is Ã¢â¬Å"true to its natureÃ¢â¬ isn't just worried about the confidence and salvation of the general population yet additionally incorporates social conditions. It implies that the open considers religion to be a guide against monetary and social conditions that cripple it. The general population is additionally certain that religion can help in improving conditions (McDaniel 31). By Indirectly Leading the Congregation in Developing a Common Outlook on Political Issues Houses of worship fill in as political networks. In 1988, an investigation included 21 Florida chapels which accepted that Ã¢â¬Å"the religious atmosphere in the places of worship contributed emphatically to the political conservatism of its individuals. Ã¢â¬ The creators expressed that religious philosophy and practices in a congregation can prompt union concerning the political perspectives of the individuals (McDaniel 8). Past investigates all gave one similitude in their outcomes: religion influences the democratic and political conduct of the general population. Specifically, religion has affected the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s political perspectives, particularly among Americans. For example, Americans bolster the applicants dependent on the latterÃ¢â¬â¢s position on good and social issues (Buras 3, for example, homosexuality, premature birth, and natural and monetary issues (Gibbs). An examination study demonstrating the association among strictness and casting a ballot conduct would best clarify the impact that religion hangs on its assemblage. The investigation expressed that voters would consider the issues that the applicant underpins or doesn't bolster. Specifically, financial aspects and advantages are among the needs of voters while deciding for their applicants. This shows voters would initially cast a ballot as indicated by what might best profit them and their gathering (Gibb). Another investigation gave proof on the impact that religion has on the democratic conduct of people in general. It indicated that greater part of the respondents under the Evangelical class (70. 2%) enrolled to cast a ballot contrasted with non-fervent Christian (65. 7%). The investigation additionally uncovered that the individuals who went to strict administrations all the time are bound to enroll. Additionally, 67. 5% of the individuals who enrolled accepted that religion is a significant factor in their lives, though 59. 2% communicated that religion isn't significant (Buras 7). Another issue that voters investigate is identified with sexual orientation. Gibb expressed that among ladies, they would decide to help an applicant or would relate to a specific ideological group on the off chance that it underpins sex gives that are squeezing, for example, female equity and conceptive rights. Furthermore, the creator referenced that social variables impacted why ladies bolster the Democratic Party while men bolster the Republican Party. The split among people in picking the gathering to help is credited to the execution of more up to date approaches for womenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights that compromises a general public that is to a great extent dependent on custom. The investigation further went further by looking at factors that impact casting a ballot conduct. One of these elements was belief system, which fills in as an impression of the things that an individual holds significant, for example, ethnicity and sexual orientation (Gibbs). In the United States, religion has a state in how agents vote. There are likewise categories which are joined in picking which contender to put to control. For instance, with regards to their convictions about premature birth, Jewish gatherings, alongside Mainline divisions, would bolster star decision positions while Catholics and Mormons would bolster ace life. What's more, strict sections bolster their own competitors, as can be seen through the help of Evangelical Protestants on conservatism while Jews and Catholics bolster radicalism (Gibb). Also, Evangelical Protestants bolster the Republican Party since they accepted that the partyÃ¢â¬â¢s strategies on privatization of government disability, guard spending, and tax breaks, among others, buy in to their convictions. Then again, the Democratic Party bolsters open government assistance, governmental policy regarding minorities in society, and widespread human services (Ã¢â¬Å"Religion and its impacts on Political Party AffiliationÃ¢â¬ ). Another examination included the topic of whether Catholics or Protestants or different religions vote with respect to their virtues. The examination indicated that more than 45. 5% of Protestants accepted that the perspectives on the competitors on moral issues are a higher priority than monetary strategies. The rate for Catholic nearly arrived at 28. 6%%. In any case, different religions (52. 5%) differ to the possibility that the perspectives on up-and-comers on moral issues are a higher priority than financial strategies. Strikingly, the Catholic enlisted a littler rate in concurring contrasted with Protestants, rather than its solid position on moral issues, for example, fetus removal. Notwithstanding, the Catholics would bolster the Democratic Party, as it incorporates monetary strategies that are adjusted to the precepts of Catholicism (Ã¢â¬Å"Religion as a VariableÃ¢â¬ ). Besides, a few examinations indicated that evangelicals partner with their favored gatherings. For example, evangelicals would almost certain help the Republican Party while non-evangelicals would bolster the Democratic Party. This shows the association between the religion and the democratic conduct of the general population (Gibb). By Serving as Motivation Religious gatherings take an interest in legislative issues for differed reasons. One is voice and fairness. For example, when chapels bolster a specific political applicant, it gives the previous a voice to energize people in general. It likewise presents an open door for the houses of worship to impart to people in general about their confidence and religion. Moreover, political support makes way for uniformity (McDaniel 9). Strict gatherings likewise show that they have the ability to partake in governmental issues. Be that as it may, taking an interest implies that there are a few things expected of them. One of these is time. Strict gatherings must invest a part of their energy to chip in during efforts. Another is cash as help to the political reason that they embrace. The exact opposite thing is verbal aptitudes important Ã¢â¬Å"to create a persuading letter. Ã¢â¬ As referenced as of now, holy places fill in as willful associations. It implies that they would require the help and preparing of individuals so as to accomplish its objectives or obligations. Moreover, houses of worship are the best spot where one can construct aptitudes required in the political field (McDaniel 11-12). Beside c
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Unicorns Have Wings One day a, quite a while prior, a wonderful white pony came running through the wood that lead to a wonderful rainbow cascade. At the point when a blaze of wonderful hues grabbed her attention. At that point, the white pony looked all the more cautiously and she understood that it was a Rainbow Bird, coasting over the Rainbow Lake that had gotten her appearance. The white pony came nearer and the feathered creature flew nearer and arrived on a close by log. Hi, my name is Fleece, shouted the flying creature. Hi, said the white pony. Don't you have a name? whimpered the flying creature. No,I'm apprehensive I don't, said the pony. All things considered, may I have the pleasure of naming you? asked Fleece. Why, truly, obviously! shouted the white pony. All things considered, let me see. How about Narina? Indeed, I'll name you, Narina. Do you like your name? inquired Wool. Indeed, I do! said the pony. Fine, at that point it is settled. said Fleece. Narina and Fleece played practically regular together. They were the absolute best of companions. They loved playing under the cascade and the swam in the perfectly clear lake consistently. One night Fleece disclosed to Narina that he was debilitated and probably won't see the morning light once more. This made's Narinaextremely upset. She did whatever it takes not to stress, yet she needed to. To please Fleece, Narina went to the cascade and fixed him his preferred dinner, his last meal.Fleece's preferred dinner was Rainbow water, with Cherry, Strawberry, Vanilla Cream pie. In the first part of the day, Narina kept an eye on Fleece. He was dead, however tranquil. While she was taking a gander at here companion Fleece, Narina felt something entertaining on her right and left hip. At the point when she looked, she saw Fleece's rainbow hued wings. Narnia was glad that she had a piece of her closest companion. Following a couple of years, Narina got over the loss of her closest companion and was exceptionally eager to be a winged horse. Narina still lived in the wood by the cascade and thought of Fleece consistently. One extremely, bright morning , Narina heard the delicate chimes of an ice cream cart. A very crab owl (presumably in light of the fact that he should be dozing at that time) purchased rainbow sherbet in a cone. The cantankerous owl took his sherbet and flew up into a tree over Narina's head. Next, a ravenous pigeon came what's more, set out directly toward the owl's cone! The pigeon took the cone out of the owls grasp and it arrived on Narina's head. The rainbow sherbet was clingy and made lovely rainbow stripes all over Narnia's body. The sherbet was so clingy that Narina couldn't get the cone off her head. What's more, the excellent clingy stripes wouldn't fall off either.........And now you know why Unicorns have wings and a horn.
Friday, August 21, 2020
Contemporary issues in showcasing - Essay Example Authoritative information is improved through powerful utilization of the data gathered. Information the executives subsequently lays on two establishments - using and abusing the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s data and use of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s abilities, gifts, considerations, and creative mind (Broadbent, 1998). Human aptitude is used for business advantage. Client relationship the executives (CRM) centers around the necessities of the client and coordinates advancements and business forms (Bose, 2002). The procedure is equivalent to KM where information about the clients is caught, broke down and used to upgrade the item or administrations to the client. CRM in this manner rotates around advertising and profound investigation of client conduct. The information procured about the client can be an incredible asset in obtaining new clients as well as in any event, for the maintenance of the current clients. It can help portion the clients dependent on their way of life and buying propensities ( McKim and Hughes, 2001). Along these lines, KM upgrades client relationship and subsequently to serve the clients better, information on the clients is fundamental. Consequently, an incorporation of Km and CRM has prompted the improvement of the client information the board (CKM) model (Gebert, Geib, Kolbe and Brenner, 2003). 1b. ICT is exceptionally fundamental for the effective usage of CRM. ICT ca help separate tremendous measure of data on the client and it empowers estimating the relationship esteem at each phase of the relationship. For powerful usage, there must be a client database, a correspondence channel and an utilization of relationship the board (Park and Kim, 2003). This can change over one-time purchasers into steadfast clients. In the advanced economy, ICT has changed the manner in which organizations work. There is expanded straightforwardness of data despite the fact that this has likewise prompted new contenders and new items in each field of business (Koerner and Zimmermann, 2000). With the assistance of ICT, new industry structure and plans of action
Tuesday, June 9, 2020
Ã¢â¬â¹Although new degree holders are experiencing a frustrating progression toward their dream careers, college applications from undeterred high seniors pour into admissions offices. The State of Kentucky graduates 83.5% of its high school graduates, according to the a href="https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/21"US Census Bureau/a, but like many other states, the effort to transition those students into degree programs requires significantly more planning and effort. Louisville understands more than many other cities since it's 2008 commitment to focus on increasing its college graduates. Over the years, tuition his increased, steadily, but financial aid still leaves a large portion of college cost to linger in debt. As students search for more ways to pay for college, quality scholarships may be more crucial than ever. 1.Carole P. Bizzack Memorial Scholarship Carole P. Bizzack Memorial Scholarshipselects two Veterinary Medicine seniors enrolled at an accredited post-secondary institution. During the application process, students will be required to take part in an interview by phone or in person and will be asked to present evidence of financial need and academic performance. Each application will be reviewed by board members, and winners will each receive the $2,000 fund, paid directly to their respective schools.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Carole P. Bizzack Memorial Scholarship here. 2.Future Leaders in Agriculture Scholarship TheFuture Leaders in Agriculture Scholarshipoffers a $2,000 reward to one Kentucky high school senior who demonstrates an aptitude toward farming innovation. To qualify, students must have maintained at least a 3.0 GPA and be planning to commit to a 4-year college or university. Applicants are required to submit a 2-4 minute YouTube video that explains how their experience in the form of service and employment can help drive future innovation.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Future Leaders in Agriculture Scholarship here. 3.Stephen L. Keller Scholarship The Stephen L. Keller Scholarshipoffers a $1,500 reward for full-time business majors attending an accredited 4-year college or university. Scholarship winners are chosen based on a review of notable accomplishments, including community service and entrepreneurial activities. Students should be prepared to show a GPA of 3.0 or higher and adequate financial need. The required essay will summarize each candidate's outlook and ideas concerning today's entrepreneurial and business opportunities in the United States. Students can apply by mailing the one-page essay and application, along with proof of residency, SAR, and transcripts.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Stephen L. Keller Scholarship here. 4.Jane Allen Newman Scholarship For high school seniors that have held a 2.0 GPA, the Jane Allen Newman Scholarshipawards up to $8,000 (divided over 4 years). In addition to a 5-page SAR, picture ID, and transcript, each applicant is required to submit and essay that explains academic and career goals. Applications and supporting documents must be submitted by mail by the spring semester deadline.You can learn more about theJane Allen Newman Scholarship here. 5.Indo-American Civic Society Indo-American Civic Societycombines information found in student transcripts with SAT/ACT or GRE/GMAT scores to determine academic eligibility. To be considered, applicants must compose a two-page essay using the following guidelines: Page one describes accomplishments and unusual activities, and the second page explains academic and career expectations. Students will also need to submit a letter of recommendation, a letter of admission to a college or university, and financial aid documents. Multiple $1,000 scholarships are awarded, although the number varies from year to year, including a slot that is reserved for one University of Kentucky student.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Indo-American Civic Society here. 6.Teacher-Member Scholarship Teacher-Member Scholarshipis intended for Kentucky educators currently pursuing or planning to enroll in a master's degree program. Since applicants are required to be PTA/PTSA member, letters from both the association president and the principal or superintendent are required in order receive the $500 scholarship. Proof of employment or college enrollment must also be mailed along with the applications, and teachers applying for the scholarship are requested to type a short bio that does not exceed two pages. PTA/PTSA associations will need to provide IRS documents, most recent bylaws, membership payments, and other documents that prove good standing.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Teacher-Member Scholarship here. 7.KSBA First College Degree Scholarship Program KSBA First College Degree Scholarship Programis reserved for one male and female first-generation high school student planning to attend a 2 or 4-year postsecondary institution. As proof of first-generation enrollment status, a letter must be signed by a school guidance counselor, a school superintendent, and the chairman of the board of education. Applicants will need to have taken the ACT and received a score of 20 or higher to be considered for the $2,500 scholarship. Applications must be mailed to the KSBA office in Frankfort, Kentucky.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹KSBA First College Degree Scholarship Program here. 8.KySTE STLP Scholarship KySTE STLP Scholarshipthe Kentucky Society for Technology in Education provides yearly awards to 4 students selected from a list organization nominees. The nomination term extends over a four-month period, during which time candidates are submitted by email. Award amounts may vary since the scholarship is dependent upon donations. However, the 2016 award for each student will be $1,000.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹KySTE STLP Scholarship here. 9.Bobby Thomas Memorial Scholarship Robert E. Bobby Memorial Scholarshipawards $1,000 to five accomplished high school seniors and full-time college students who can show proof of exemplary academic performance. Each applicant is required to submit a 200 to 300-word essay that explains career aspirations and why he or she should be among the scholarship recipients. Students must include transcripts or most current grades, two references, and any other relevant information that might help them stand apart from other candidates. Applications are to be mailed to the Breckinridge County Sheriff's Department, and scholarships will be awarded at the Sheriff's Association Conference held each year.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Bobby Thomas Memorial Scholarship here. 10.Kids Chance of Kentucky Scholarship Kids Chance of Kentucky Scholarshipprovides $6,000 per semester for children, who's lives have been altered by an injured or deceased parent or guardian, to continue toward a college education. Criteria for choosing winners focuses on academic excellence and community service, and applicants who can show they have achieved both have the greatest chance of success. Anyone between the ages of 16 and 25 and is enrolled as a full-time student (or soon to be) may apply. The application must be accompanied by high school or college transcripts, two letters of recommendation (one from a teacher or guidance counselor), a summary (2 pages or less) that documents personal history, education and career goals, and extracurricular activities.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Kids Chance of Kentucky Scholarship here. 11.Loren Richards Elder Care Scholarship Loren Richards Elder Care Scholarship(renewable for a consecutive year). Hopefuls with at least a 2.5 GPA are asked to submit an essay detailing how their educations will help improve the lives of elderly citizens living in Kentucky. Although all qualifying students are welcome to apply, the scholarship seeks to provide opportunities for first-generation and single-parent students. Applications along with transcripts and proof of residence should be mailed to the Bluegrass Community Foundation.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Loren Richards Elder Care Scholarship here. 12.entucky Women in Agriculture Scholarship Kentucky Women in Agriculture Scholarshipis design to help propel female students into the agricultural industry. Candidates must already be Kentucky college or university juniors, seniors, or higher who are pursuing a degree in an an agriculture-related field. Based on specific criteria, which includes GPA (2.5 or greater), community involvement, leadership qualities, and a 500-word essay that explains applicants' aspirations in the agriculture field, distinguished recipients will receive a $1,000 award.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹entucky Women in Agriculture Scholarship here. 13.Edith Schwab Memorial Scholarship Edith Schwab Memorial Scholarshipwhich is intended assist University of Louisville graduate students who have demonstrated outstanding academic performance. Qualifying applicants will need to be enrolled in a master's or doctorate program in Public Service, Public Administration, Public Health, Public Service, Social Work, or Teaching. Upon reviewing the 500-word essays outlining student academic pursuits and how they relate to career goals, one recipient will be awarded $1,000 in tuition funds.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Edith Schwab Memorial Scholarship here. 14.Isaac Murphy Scholarship Isaac Murphy Scholarshipis designated for African American students from Kentucky or attending a local school. The award is intended for students planning to work in a field that relates to the care, study, or racing of horses. The fund targets individuals who are either independent and facing hardship or living with parents who have a household income of less than $75,000. To qualify for the $5,000 scholarship, students cannot be older than 24-years old, must have maintained a 2.85 GPA, and each applicant is required to submit a 500-word essay.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Isaac Murphy Scholarship here. 15.Women Leading Kentucky Women Leading Kentuckyoffers a scholarship for women high school and undergraduate students who have demonstrated commendable leadership. Applicants need to be a senior in high school or a freshman, sophomore, or junior in high school in order to qualify. Applications can be submitted online, along with transcripts and a 300-word essay that accounts personal leadership experience.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Women Leading Kentucky here. 16.Kentuckiana Council Girl Scout Gold Award University of Louisvillehigh school graduates who have earned the Kentuckiana Council Girl Scout Gold Award are eligible to receive a full scholarship to the University. By UL guidelines, consideration for the scholarship requires a 3.5 GPA and 1240 SAT score (26 for ACT). The essay, which cannot exceed two pages, should detail community service, athletic participation, religious involvement, work experience and/or honors and awards.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Kentuckiana Council Girl Scout Gold Award here. 17.Fund for Art: William Tolbert Whittenberg Fund for Art: William Tolbert Whittenberghas been rewarding accomplished performing arts students between the ages of 16 and 20. Currently, the scholarship pays $1,000 to $5,000 to candidates planning to work in a performing arts related field. Students must submit an essay; that does not exceed 650 words, explaining what their educations will be used to accomplish. Applications can be submitted by mail or email to the Fund for Art organization.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Fund for Art: William Tolbert Whittenberg here. 18. WLJC-TV Scholarship To be eligible for it's $1,000the WLJC request that those applying for the grant be drug and alcohol-free and have maintained a clean criminal history. It requires full-time college enrollment, a GPA of 2.5 or better, and pursuit of a degree in broadcasting. Students must also submit a 500-word bio and a letter of recommendation from a high school teacher or college professor, by mail, to WLJC-TV.You can learn more about WLJC-TV Scholarship here. 19.Kentucky Federation of Republican Women's Scholarship Kentucky Federation of Republican Women's Scholarshipprovides, for high school seniors who value Republican-based views, an opportunity to pursue a degree program that will help them put their ideals into practice. A single $1,000 scholarship is awarded to a highly accomplished and deserving candidate who can submit a compelling one-page essay discussing an admired Republican woman and has had significant church/community and political involvement.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Kentucky Federation of Republican Women's Scholarship here. 20.Shelter Insurance Scholarships Shelter Insurance Scholarshipsare awarded, each year, in varying amounts and quantities. Most recently, the company awarded $3,000 to three students. However, 2016 recipients will receive $1,500. Winners are chosen from among high school seniors based upon community service activity, GPA, and leadership qualities. Currently, the award is only available for family members of Shelter Insurance customers.You can learn more about theShelter Insurance Scholarships here. 21.Cherry Presidential Scholarship Cherry Presidential Scholarshipis offered to freshman entering Western Kentucky University's fall semester. Scholarships in amounts of $64,000 and $48,000 are awarded, annually, and paid over a four-year period. Qualifying students will have maintained a GPA of 3.8 or higher and earned an ACT score of 31 (1360 SAT). Committee members will also take class rank, leadership, extracurricular activities, and other relevant info into consideration. Applications can be submitted, by mail, to WKU.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Cherry Presidential Scholarship here. 22.Millbrooke Christian Church Millbrooke Christian Churchawards $2,000 to one exceptional student, through its Clyde Cornelius Memorial Scholarship. The scholarship hopes to aid students that demonstrate financial need and is intended for high school students entering into a freshman year of college. Extracurricular activities will be weighed, along with transcripts and SAT/ACT scores, in determining recipients. Students should apply by mailing applications to Millbrooke Christian Church in Hopkinsville, KY.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Millbrooke Christian Church here. 23.Thommy Bright Scholarship Thommy Bright Scholarshippays $1,000 to students who share a relationship with HBAK members, and reside within the organization's jurisdiction. Applicants exhibit excellent character that and provide to references. Applicants should be prepared for an in-person interview, and upon receiving the award strive to uphold HBAK values.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Thommy Bright Scholarship here. 24.WIRE Scholarships WIRE Scholarshipsare reserved for South Kentucky high school juniors and seniors as well as college students (having earned 60 credit hours) with a family member who has benefited from the WIRE organization services. Applicants will complete a 350 to 500-word essay that focuses on energy conservation. Applications must be completed and mailed to the Kentucky Association of Electric Cooperatives in Louisville.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹WIRE Scholarships here. 25.Democratic Woman's Club of Kentucky Scholarship Democratic Woman's Club of Kentucky Scholarship is offered to registered Democrats living in Kentucky and pays $1,000. Students must have maintained a 3.0 and be planning to enroll in a Kentucky post-secondary school. Each applicant is required to have shown leadership characteristics and participated in extracurricular activities, particularly Democratic elections. Two witnesses, one from the community and one school faculty member, and a one-page essay explaining "why you support the democratic party" must be mailed along with the application.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Democratic Woman's Club of Kentucky Scholarship here. 26.Overcomer Scholarship Overcomer Scholarshipis paid to one male and female Anderson County High School senior who has experienced difficult circumstances. Students are required to write an essay inspired by the theme "Overcome Obstacles from Use or Addiction of Alcohol and/or drugs," and provide one reference to validate community service participation. Applications must be mailed in by the Spring deadline.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Overcomer Scholarship here. 27.Franklin County Conservation District Scholarships Franklin County Conservation District Scholarships are awarded to four Franklin County High School graduates or college students majoring in select agriculture and environment-related studies. Applicants competing for the $500 scholarship should be prepared to prove financial need, and convey career goals. Volunteer work and employment in related fields may also be factored in during the selection process.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Franklin County Conservation District Scholarships here. 28.Kentucky Association for Pupil Transportation Scholarship Kentucky Association for Pupil Transportation (KAPT)contributes $1,000 to high school college-bound graduates with at least one parent or guardian employed by the association. Four recipients, each having maintained a 3.0 GPA and submitted supporting documents, which include a letter from a faculty member validating grades, a letter of recommendation from a teacher and a typed essay, are awarded the KAPT Scholarship.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Kentucky Association for Pupil Transportation scholarship here. 29.The Beringer Drug Center Scholarship The Beringer Drug Center Scholarship pays $600 to one student who is planning to enter into a health profession. Applicants must have a 3.0 GPA and be highly accomplished in order to be considered eligible for the award. Each student is required to explain his or her desire to become a health professional in a 500-word essay and mail it, along with the application and two letters of recommendation, to Beringer Drug Center in Warsaw.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹The Beringer Drug Center Scholarship here. 30. The Kentucky State Police Scholarship Trooper Island Scholarshipis available for Kentucky high school seniors enrolling in a college, university, or technical school. Since the scholarship is a branch of the Trooper Island program, camp attendees may be viewed as a priority, but all seniors showing financial need are welcome to apply.You can learn more about The Kentucky State Police here. 31.Collier Family Memorial Scholarship Collier Family Memorial Scholarshipis a yearly award, presented to two Wolfe County High School students planning to assist each in his or her pursuit of a 4-year degree in a field that relates to math or science. Scholarship are one-time $3,000 payments awarded to students enrolling in the University of Kentucky, Eastern Kentucky University, or Michigan State University. Recipients will be determined based on ACT/SAT scores, GPA and the quality of the essays submitted. An application should be completed and returned to a Wolf County High School.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Collier Family Memorial Scholarship here. 32.Congressman Harold Rogers Scholarship Congressman Harold Rogers Scholarshipis a $1,000 award paid, in two disbursements of $500, to each recipient's post-secondary school. The scholarship is sponsored by Citizens National Bank and reserved for students who intend to major in business, accounting, finance, or banking. Recipients will have maintained a 3.0 GPA and submitted a well written 300-page essay. Applicants will need three letters of recommendation, ACT scores, and a list of extracurricular involvement to qualify. Essays must be turned in to school guidance councilors by the deadline.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Congressman Harold Rogers Scholarship here. 33.Bernice N. Clark Memorial Endowed Scholarship Bernice N. Clark Memorial Endowed Scholarship to talented graduating high school musicians who show exceptional promise in both musicianship and academics. Scholarships are offered to non-majors, but students will be required to demonstrate written and performance proficiency. Students must have a 3.0 GPA and accept or already attending EKU as a full-time student.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Bernice N. Clark Memorial Endowed Scholarship here. 34.Pat R. Caniff Scholarship Pat R. Caniff Scholarship offers up its scholarship to two students who have earned either a high school diploma or GED. The most recent winners were each awarded $5,000 toward college tuition. Recipients are required to have lived in Kentucky for at least to consecutive years, and upon earning a degree, each student must work within the state for two years as a funeral director or embalmer.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Pat R. Caniff Scholarship here. 35.Stricklin/Shipp Memorial Scholarship Stricklin/Shipp Memorial Scholarship is available to children of its members who have advocated, within their schools, for crime prevention and safety. The scholarship is awarded in amounts of $500, in honor of James Stricklin and Phil Shipp, to high school students who show academic worthiness and have been accepted to a post-secondary school.You can learn more about the Ã¢â¬â¹Stricklin/Shipp Memorial Scholarship here.
Sunday, May 17, 2020
Essay about Michael Jordan When the name of Michael Jordan is mentioned, the first thing to cross everybodyÃ¢â¬â¢s mind is, of course, basketball. However, it would be unforgivably primitive to describe him simply as a basketball player. It wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be an exaggeration to say that Michael Jordan represents in himself some unique or almost unique phenomenon that broadens his importance far beyond the scope of basketball and sport in general and makes him one of the most picturesque examples of the American Dream. His difficult childhood, full of all kinds of hardships and misfortunes (he was almost miscarried by his mother, was almost killed by accident many times, his nose bled till he was five, he lost his girlfriend in a flood when at college, one of his friends drowned when he himself barely escaped the same fate, his father was savagely murdered and so on, and so forth). People gave up or committed suicide for much minute reasons, but Jordan not only managed to enjoy his time at school and find his vocation as a professional basketball player, but also managed to bring his dreams into being in a fashion that may serve as an example for everyone who doubts his or her possibilities. Due to his participation, the Chicago Bulls turned into a club that is known to everybody, even to the people who have never watched a basketball game in their lives. He was and is among the most successful sportsmen in known history, expanding his activities from playing to using his name for endorsement of sportswear and other goods (is there anybody who hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t heard of Nike shoes? It is his work as well). Even though Michael JordanÃ¢â¬â¢s sport career has come to an end, he is and will be one of the best examples of what can be done with the help of determination and belief in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own powers.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Chinua Achebes Heart of Darkness and Racism The Nigerian novelist Chinua Achebe made claims in the 1970s that Heart of Darkness was a racist novella. My initial thoughts on this are yet to be decided during the course of this essay. While my thoughts are yet to have any significance, I do believe that Chinua Achebes remarks hold some truth. Achebes theory assumes that Marlow and Conrad are the same voice. This could be a reasonable assumption as research into Conrads life has given us knowledge of Conrads early years. In the heart of darkness the main character, Marlow has since childhood, had a desire to go there (Africa), whilst exploring maps of the world. Conrad, in theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The grandeur and excellence in which the Thames is depicted cannot bare any comparison to the two sentenced description of the Congo. Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ a mighty big riverÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ resembling and immense snake uncoiled. And as I looked at a map of it in a shop window, it fascinated me as a snake would a bird a - a silly little bird. In contrast to the Congo, the river Thames can be seen as a highly favourable portrayal of such a populous and commended European symbol. With a nine paragraphed description of it and only a two sentenced observation of the Congo, it is easy to see why Achebe would fall to such a conclusion as the Heart of Darkness being a racist novella. The two sentences alone says quite a lot to enrage a true African patriot. The snake being the Congo and the silly little bird being Marlow, are two creatures of the wild that have not been known to have any reverence for each other. While one preys on the other, Marlow suggest to his audience that he was a victim of the never escaping charm of mans old foe - the snake. Certainly some of the language used about Africans in the Heart of darkness sounds to our modern ears outrageously racist. Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ a savage who was no more account than a grain of sand in a black Sahara. A fellow human being has just died here, yet Marlow feels the need to justify his remorse for theShow MoreRelated Misleading Interpretations of Conrads Heart of Darkness Essays1186 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMisleading Interpretations of Conrads Heart of Darkness Chinua Achebe, a well-known writer, once gave a lecture at the University of Massachusetts about Joseph Conrads Heart of Darkness, entitled An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrads Heart of Darkness. Throughout his essay, Achebe notes how Conrad used Africa as a background only, and how he set Africa up as a foil to Europe,(Achebe, p.251) while he also projects the image of Africa as the other world, the antithesis of Europe andRead MoreJoseph Conrad s Heart Of Darkness957 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Chinua AchebeÃ¢â¬â¢s controversial essay published in 1977 focuses on the racist views woven into Joseph ConradÃ¢â¬â¢s 1899 novella, Heart of Darkness. Achebe claims that Conrad uses many western stereotypes of Africa and subtly weaves them below the surface of his writing. However, due to the popularity of the novella and the skill of Conrad, his racist views go undetected. The most obvious indicator of ConradÃ¢â¬â¢s racist views is the depictions of the people. They are described as Ã¢â¬Å"savage creatures,Ã¢â¬ yet ConradÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreHeart Of Darkness Essay1426 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesnovel Heart of Darkness uses character development and character analysis to really tell the story of European colonization. Within Conrads characters one can find both racist and colonialist views, and it is the opinion, and the interpretation of the reader which decides what Conrad is really trying to say in his work. Chinua Achebe, a well known writer, once gave a lecture at the University of Massachusetts about Joseph Conrads Heart of Darkness, entitled An image of Africa: Racism in ConradsRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Heart Of Darkness By Chinua Achebe1364 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages In Chinua AchebeÃ¢â¬â¢s essay, Ã¢â¬Å"An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad s Heart of Darkness,Ã¢â¬ Achebe purports that Joseph ConradÃ¢â¬â¢s short story, Heart of Darkness, should not be taught due to itÃ¢â¬â¢s racist caricature of Africa and African culture. In ConradÃ¢â¬â¢s book, Marlow, a sea captain, is tasked with venturing into the center of the Congo, otherwise known as the Heart of Darkness, to retrieve a mentally unstable ivory trader named Kurtz. Marlow narrates his adventures with a tinge of apathy for the enslavedRead More An Image of Africa Essay1050 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAn Image of Africa Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad has been depicted as Ã¢â¬Å"among the half-dozen greatest short novels in the English language.Ã¢â¬ [pg.1] Chinua Achebe believes otherwise. In Chinua AchebeÃ¢â¬â¢s An Image of Africa: Racism is ConradÃ¢â¬â¢s Heart of Darkness he simply states that, Ã¢â¬Å"Joseph Conrad was a thoroughgoing racistÃ¢â¬ [pg.5] Achebe argues that the racist observed in the Heart of Darkness is expressed due to the western psychology or as Achebe states Ã¢â¬Å"desire,Ã¢â¬ this being to show AfricaRead More Achebes Misinterpretation of Conrads Heart of Darkness Essay718 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Achebes Misinterpretation of Heart of Darkness nbsp; Joseph Conrads Heart of Darkness is heralded by many as a classic, but over the years has presented many problems of interpretation. One of the most notable misinterpretations is Chinua Achebes An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrads Heart of Darkness. In it, Achebe points to various passages in the book that supposedly prove that Conrad and his book are racist, and that the book should be cast out of the canon of classic literatureRead MoreArguments Against Chinua Acebes An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrads Heart of Darkness1622 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesLiterature and Composition 6 March 2013 An Image of Africa: Not Racism in ConradÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËHeart of DarknessÃ¢â¬â¢ People of dark skin have been wrongly discriminated against by racists for hundreds of years. From the first time Europeans stepped onto Africa and deemed black skin inferior till now, black people have been fighting for the right to be called equal. During the last century Africans have made great strides in fighting against racism. Many black leaders have risen up and confronted those racist againstRead MoreEthnocentrism: with Whom Resides the Heart of Darkness?790 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEthnocentrism 1 Ethnocentrism With Whom Resides the Heart of Darkness? Antonio Arevalo James Campbell High School Ethnocentrism 2 Abstract This paper discusses Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrads most acclaimed novel, and attempts to determine what the heart of darkness that Conrad speaks of is. I found, through my interpretations, that the heart of darkness is the ethnocentrism that Europeans maintained in the age of colonialism. More specifically, this ethnocentrism broughtRead More Prejudice and Racism - No Racism in Heart of Darkness Essay1108 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNo Racism in Heart of Darkness Ã Ã Ã Chinua Achebe challenges Joseph Conrads novella depicting the looting of Africa, Heart of Darkness (1902) in his essay An Image of Africa (1975). Achebes is an indignant yet solidly rooted argument that brings the perspective of a celebrated African writer who chips away at the almost universal acceptance of the work as classic, and proclaims that Conrad had written a bloody racist book (Achebe 319). In her introduction in the Signet 1997 editionRead MoreA Great Tree Has Fallen: Words of Chinua Achebe Essay1124 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesChinua Achebe Imaginative literature Ã¢â¬ ¦ does not enslave; it liberates the mind of man. Its truth is not like the canons of orthodoxy or the irrationality of prejudice and superstition. It begins as an adventure in self-discovery and ends in wisdom and humane conscience. Ã¢â¬Å"The Truth of FictionÃ¢â¬ in Hopes and Impediments: Selected Essays 1988 In the mid 20th century Africa was once more starting to find its own voice, having been gagged by centuries of colonial oppression. For all that time the story
Question: Discuss about the Corporate Insolvency In Australia. Answer: Introduction This paper briefly discusses various issues surrounding corporate insolvency. The paper is divided into nine sub sections that highlight different aspects of corporate insolvency in Australia and finishes with a conclusion. Signs of Corporate Insolvency and the Duties of Directors in that Regard There is no exact legal definition of insolvency and as such, it is a matter that is left to judgement (Cabinet Maker 2008, p.24). It is a matter of argument as to when exactly a company becomes insolvent. In general a company is insolvent when it fails to pay its liabilities as and when they become due (Corporations Act 2001, s.95). The following is a list of signs of corporate insolvency. Companies in financial distress will often forgo paying their tax liabilities in order to ensure that they have sufficient cash flow to meet their important supplier payments and pay wages. In the short term, this may be considered by many as an efficient use of cash resources. However, after the accrual of interest and penalties of those taxed in the long term, the tax liability imposed may grow to unmanageable levels. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission, in its insolvency guide for directors, have outlined a list of signs indicating that a company is becoming insolvent. These are as follows. Poor cash flow, continuous losses, lack of business plans, absence of forecasts of cash flows and other budgets, problems in debt collection and stock sales, increment in debt (more liabilities as compared to assets), disorganization in internal accounting processes, and financial statements that are incomplete. Other signs include loans that are unrecoverable to associated parties, creditors are unpaid outside the ordinary terms, demand letters and legal warrants being issued against the company, issues with obtaining finance, increment in the number of complaints by suppliers, loss of management personnel and director resignations, among many others (ASIC 2015, p.7). Potential liabilities of company directors in the event of a company becoming insolvent Directors of a company can be held liable in different ways when a company is declared insolvent. The Supreme Court of Australia held the directors of a company to be personally liable (Marsh, Roberts Webb, 2017). The reason for this finding by the court was that the directors were in breach of their duties hence incurring debts. The directors herein also made unverifiable payments which could not be ascertained. Furthermore, according to McDonald and Snead (2009, p. 3) courts have held that assets misappropriated by directors might be recovered. However, such transaction of assets ought to have taken place prior to the insolvency. The court continued to reiterate that the limitation period may be extended where fraud and breach of a fiduciary obligation are proved on the acts of a director prior to insolvency. In most instances, as discussed by Sellars (2001) p. 11, where directors are culpable, they are required to indemnify the company for any loses accrued due to their breach of duty or to pay the creditors outstanding debt. Avenues Available to the Company, in Particular, to the Directors if the Company is Presumed to be Insolvent There are several available avenues that the directors to a company can take when the company is presumed insolvent. According to the report prepared by Parliamentary Joint Committee on Corporations and Financial Services (2004), a company or rather the directors can agree with the creditors on how to settle the outstanding debts). Such arrangements should be set in a deed where which debts due would be settled. Additionally, the above report states that the directors can set aside transactions that might seem to be the cause of such insolvency. In turn the company would be restored to pre-insolvency stage. If at all a company is declared bankrupt, it ought to be remembered that a company is a separate legal entity that can sue or be sued. Therefore, if the directors duly discharged their obligations, thelaw protects them from being personally held liable provided that in their obligation they did not engage in insolvent trading. Finally, according to Rankin and Popkin (2004, p. 28) a director can demonstrate that they took reasonable steps prevent insolvency by settling accrued debts, appointing administrators and beginning winding up procedures. Furthermore, they argue that a director that seeks to disclaim the responsibilities leading to insolvency must cite the above three defenses. A director cannot allege that there were no reasonable steps that he could take to prevent the insolvency. Difference between Voluntary and Involuntary Interventions by Different Parties Concerned by the Potential Insolvency of a Company Voluntary intervention or administration in this instance involves members and directors placing the company to an independent person to assess the assets, cash and liabilities against the potentially insolvent company (Sellars 2001, p. 2.) Consequently such an independent person would recommend to the members whether a company ought to be wound up or not. In a voluntary intervention, a director need not to vacate office since such an administration at time is propagated by directors. However the court has held in the case of Dempster v Mallina Holdings Ltd that whereas other directors might be found liable others may escape liability. Involuntary insolvency involves an intervention by the Federal or Supreme Courts though an application by; the creditors, shareholders, directors or any other interested person. (Insolvency solution, 2017, Voluntary Involuntary Liquidation) indicates that creditor who is owed a debt may file an application to declared a company insolvent due to its in ability to pay the outstanding debt when due. Shareholders, directors and other interested parties may file an application of their respective interests in the company. Good outcome for a company other than being wound up by the creditors, and how might this be achieved Instead of being wound up because of an insolvency, a company should consider several options these include; receivership, voluntary arrangements, administration and provisional liquidation. According to the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Corporations and Financial Services inquiry into financial products and services in Australia (2009), in a receivership an insolvency practitioner is appointed by the secured creditors in order to settle outstanding debts. However it should be understood that receivership does not necessarily impute insolvency of a company. On the other hand, administration involves appointment of administrators to carry audits and determine the cash flow, assets and liabilities of a company. Administration would usually result to a deed being entered and subsequently measures to prevent insolvency being put down. Company voluntary arrangement involves an agreement being reached between creditors being owed a debt not to claim their debt as against the company. Th is would allow the company to rebuild its financial status or cash flow. Provisional liquidation is an alternative to winding up of a company, because with the application of any party involved, the court may order a provisional liquidation whereby assets of the company are placed into the hands of a provisional liquidator who would in turn determine whether a company should be wound up or not. Insolvency Statistics in Australian Companies The Australian market is mostly dominated by small as opposed to large businesses (ARITA 2015, p.348). Between the years of 2013 and 2014, 92 percent of company exits consisted of companies that employ less than five staff while 98 percent consisted of those that employ less than 20 staff (ABS 2015). Although failures represent merely a miniature fraction (below 10 percent) of all companies that exit,the available empirical data indicates that these exists are dominated by small and medium sized enterprises. This is not surprising considering that the economy is dominated by them, although it is also telling of the relation between their nature and the failures. With specific regard to insolvency, reports by the Australian Securities and Investment Commission suggest that between 2013 and 2014, 81 percent of the over 9000 initial reports of external administrators related to small companies of less than 20 staff (ASIC 2014). With respect to liabilities, ASIC estimates that 43 percent of companies that failed had liabilities worth approximately $250,000 and below, and 76 percent of fallen companies had liabilities amounting to $1 million and below. Furthermore, 41 percent of the small companies at the time of insolvency are usually without assets, while almost 80 percent of the remaining companies usually have assets worth less than $50,000. With respect to industry, retail trade (9%), food and accommodation industry (9%), construction (23%) and Other services altogether made up over half of the companies that were insolvent during the year 2013 and 2014. By contrast, fairly huge industries such as education and mining made up 1 percent of companies that ran into insolvency each. Topical Issues on Insolvency in Australian Companies There are several topical issues in the Australian companies, and especially with respect to reforms to the current insolvency law. The overarching objective of these proposals for reform is to drive a cultural shift from stigmatizing and penalizing failure to a system that balances between creditor protection and encouraging entrepreneurship (Law Society of New South Wales 2016, p.1).The first topical issue discussed by the reform proposals is reduction of the default bankruptcy period. This proposal has the overall aim of encouraging entrepreneurship and innovation. The second topical issue is the introduction of a safe habour in insolvent trading. The safe habour is aimed at operating as a carve-out to the section 588G of the Corporations Act for directors in insolvency situations. The substance of this proposal is to protect directors from personal liability in cases where a company enters into insolvency. The Role of ASIC and other Statutory Authorities in Corporate Insolvency ASIC: With respect to liquidation, the organization has the power to order the winding up of a company, and also, liquidators are required to report to ASIC. Under voluntary administrations, administrators also have various obligations for reporting to the authority. Furthermore, the ASIC and the court generally supervise the activities of receivers and property managers. The Court and ASIC also have powers of inquiry into the conduct of non-receiver controllers (AFSA 2014, p.10). Australian Financial Security Authority (AFSA): with its establishment under the Public Service Act 1999, AFSA registers all bankruptcies, personal insolvency agreements and debt agreements; administration of bankruptcy estates as the Official Trustee; and ensuring compliance by bankrupts, debtors and other related persons.It also maintains the National Personal Insolvency Index (AFSA 2014, p.4). Observations It is notable from the foregoing that the proposal for providing a safe habour for directors to shield them from personal liability is an important provision. Thelaw of insolvency as is currently constituted is draconian and harsh since they impose personal liability to directors who many times make business decisions in good faith. The safe habour provisions will remove the strictness in insolvency laws and allow restructuring efforts by directors during insolvency. This will in turn encourage a turnaround culture that will enable rehabilitation of businesses, especially considering the above statistics of business failure. The Governance Institute of Australia has expressed in its submissions on this issue that of safe habour and has proposed even further adjustments to the proposed law for its applicability in the Australian market. Conclusion In conclusion, this paper has discussed various issues in Australian Corporate Insolvency. One of the key issues noted in this paper in general, is the need for reforms in the law that governs corporate insolvency in the country as the available laws are quite harsh. This is with particular regard to personal liability of directors during insolvency. References ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2015, Australian Industry, 2013-14, 29 June, Cat no. 8155.0, Canberra AFSA (Australian Financial Security Authority) 2014, Financial System Inquiry - Submission of the Australian Financial SecurityAuthority in response to the Interim Report, August, AFSA ARITA (Australian Restructuring Insolvency and Turnaround Association) 2014a, A Platform for Recovery 2014, Discussion Paper, October ASIC (Australian Securities and Investments Commission) 2014, Insolvency statistics - Series 1: Companies entering external administration, viewed 19 September 2017 https://asic.gov.au/regulatory-resources/find-a document/statistics/insolvencystatistics/insolvency-statistics-series-1-companies-entering-external-administration/ Law Society of New South Wales 2016, Improving Bankruptcy and Insolvency laws - Response to Proposals Paper, viewed 19 September 2017 https://www.lawsociety.com.au/cs/groups/public/documents/internetpolicysubmissions/1176437.pdf Australian Securities and Investment Commission August 2015, Insolvency: A Guide for Directors, ASIC, viewed 19 September 2017 https://download.asic.gov.au/media/3337054/insolvency_guide_for_directors_42_1-amended-aug-2015.pdf Cabinet Maker 2008, Directors Liabilities, 18 April, p.24 Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) Dempster v Mallina Holdings Ltd (1994) 15 ACSR 1) Insolvency solution, 2017, Voluntary Involuntary Liquidation viewed 20 September2017 (https://www.wais.com.au/corporate-insolvency/liquidations ). Marsh,S, Roberts,S, Webb,H 2017, The doubling up of insolvent debt: Personal liability of directors and the concurrent liability of holding company viewed 19 September 2017, https://e doubling up of insolvent debt: Personal liability of directors and the concurrent liability of holding compa Mcdonald, I, and Snead, J 2009, Reaching; The limit a recent court ruling gives rise to the spectre of further claims against directors, just when they thought they were safe view 19 September 2017, https://Reaching The Limit court ruling Ripoll, B., 2009. Parliamentary Joint Committee on Corporations and Financial Services: inquiry into financial products and services in Australia.Commonwealth of Australia. Ripoll, B., 2009. Parliamentary Joint Committee on Corporations and Financial Services: inquiry into financial products and services in Australia.Commonwealth of Australia. Ripoll, B., 2009. Parliamentary Joint Committee on Corporations and Financial Services: inquiry into financial products and services in Australia.Commonwealth of Australia. Sellars, M.A., 2001, February. Corporate voluntary administration in Australia. InForum for Asian Insolvency Reform. Insolvency reform in Asia: An assessment of the recent developments and the role of judiciary. Bali, Indonesia(pp. 7-8).